TWO DONEGAL SCHOOLS WIN THEIR BATTLES ON STAFFING LEVELS

first_imgTwo Donegal schools have had their appeals for staffing levels upheld.Joe McHugh TDThe schools are Glenmaquin National School in Knockbrack, Letterkenny and also Gartan National School.The Department of Education and Skills issued the update after the second meeting of the Primary Staffing Appeals Board in relation to the staffing levels of primary schools for the 2014/15 school year. Deputy Joe McHugh said he welcomed the announcement.“ The challenges facing small schools are an issue I have been raising continuously, calling for the Department to acknowledge that small schools in rural areas are facing different challenges from those in heavily populated areas and their unique positions need to be taken into consideration,” he said. TWO DONEGAL SCHOOLS WIN THEIR BATTLES ON STAFFING LEVELS was last modified: June 18th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:deputy joe mchughdonegalGartan NSGlenmaquin NSschoolslast_img read more

Play Your Part TV series to debut on SABC 2 in June

first_imgThe show aims to make a positive impact towards the growth and development of South Africans by profiling and showcasing the achievements of ordinary individualsAs South Africa celebrates 20 years of democracy, a truly inspiring TV series titled Play Your Part debuts on SABC 2 on Sunday, 15 June. Hosted by Kabelo Mabalane, the exciting series aims to inspire and ignite South Africans to take action and make a difference in their communities.The TV series, which will feature thirteen 48 minute episodes, has been created by Brand South Africa and will be screened weekly on Sunday nights from 15 June onwards. Episodes will first be screened on SABC 2 at 9pm, with a repeat show on an alternative SABC channel.“Brand South Africa is pleased to be a part of this initiative aimed at creating a spirit of active citizenship, pride and patriotism in our country,” says Brand South Africa strategic marketing and communications director Wendy Tlou. “We have much to be proud of during our last 20 years of democracy, but it is time for us all to coalesce around our National Development Plan, Vision 2030, which aims to ensure South Africa’s economic and social growth and development. “Active citizenship, pride and patriotism will be crucial in driving the implementation of the Vision 2030 by all stakeholders.”POSITIVE IMPACTThe show aims to make a positive impact towards the growth and development of South Africans by profiling and showcasing the achievements of ordinary individuals across a broad spectrum of disciplines, who inspire the notion of active citizenship in our country especially over the last 20 years and how their continued efforts, have contributed to our now 20 years of democracy.Each 48 minute episode will explore the remarkable journeys of struggle, obstacles, successes, triumph, sometimes tragedy and ultimately finding solutions and creating legacies.Extensive research, archive footage and interviews have been used on the show to tell the story of our transformation and unification as a young democracy. Stories of individuals that fight corruption, build safer communities, reform public service, improve health care and the quality of education, training, innovation and continue promoting active citizenry will take centre stage in the 13 part TV series.At the end of each episode there will be a cohesive message and challenge to the viewers to “Play Your Part” through a call to action.“I am of the conviction that ordinary South Africans doing extraordinary work should be profiled for the sole reason of inspiring others that they too can make a difference and play their part in moving the country forward,” says show presenter Kabelo Mabalane.last_img read more

Different strokes

first_imgHe is less than five-and-a-half feet tall, but that didn’t come in the way of Sunil Manohar Gavaskar taking on the fearsome West Indies pace quartet on his debut in 1971. With just a soft hat between his head and the 150-kph leather missiles aimed at him, Gavaskar redefined batting,He is less than five-and-a-half feet tall, but that didn’t come in the way of Sunil Manohar Gavaskar taking on the fearsome West Indies pace quartet on his debut in 1971. With just a soft hat between his head and the 150-kph leather missiles aimed at him, Gavaskar redefined batting not only for India but for the whole world. The first batsman to score 10,000 runs in Test cricket, his name has a long list of firsts attached to it. The first cricketer in India to create an agency to manage players’ business interests, the little master was also one of the first glamour boys of Indian cricket.And then there’s the other SG, who took the reins of the Indian team when even the most die-hard fan had given up hope. The match-fixing scandal in 2000 had many star casualties, including Mohammad Azharuddin and Ajay Jadeja. But there was no stopping the feisty Sourav Ganguly, as he transformed a bunch of no-name youngsters into world-beaters. Undeterred by failure and uncaring about protocol, the most important thing for him was victory, even if that meant annoying a certain Steve Waugh. Bengal Tiger or Lord Snooty, call him what you will, but his shirtlessness at Lords remains the iconic image of the resurgence of Indian cricket.The two SGs played in contrasting eras. While Gavaskar represents an era where cricket was a slow-paced, leisurely game, far away from the corporate world, Ganguly belongs to a time when the entire nation eats, drinks and sleeps cricket, dissecting every move its icons make in the middle, and off it. There is money everywhere, and the pressure of being successful is relentless. Here is how they see it.advertisementQ. Do you remember your first prize from the game of cricket? What was it? How did you feel?”Colonel C.K. Nayudu promoted Indian tea, Farokh Engineer did a Brylcreem ad much before I did my first commercial.”- Sunil Gavaskar**********************************”I got Rs 400 when I started playing for Ranji Trophy. In my first tour of Australia in 1991-92, I got Rs 30,000 for the entire series.” – Sourav GangulyGavaskar My first prize from the game of cricket was for the tennis ball cricket games that we played in our building compound in Mumbai. It was a bottle of lemonade shared by the eight players in the team that won the game. My uncle, the late Pramod Pandit, would offer that as an incentive to the team he captained. It was barely a sip or two but it still brings back great memories.Ganguly I think I got a man-of-the-match award in Orissa in an under-15 level game. They gave me a cricket bat for it. Obviously getting a cricket bat in those days and at such an age was very special.Q. When you played professional cricket for the first time, how much did you earn? How much did players earn as match fees in your time?Gavaskar Since we were employed by corporates we never actually earned a professional income. It was called allowance by the BCCI. I played for Mumbai at Rs 15 for a match and when I graduated to playing for India, I think, it was Rs 1,000 for the entire tour of the West Indies.Ganguly I got Rs 400 at the Ranji level when I started playing professional cricket. In my first tour of Australia in 1991-92, I got Rs 30,000 for the entire series.Q. What was the match fee you earned from your last match?Gavaskar The last Test I played in 1987 got me Rs 5,000 as match fee plus Rs 4,000 that went into the players’ benevolent fund.Ganguly I got Rs 4 lakh in the last Test I played two years ago.Q. Do you remember the first news published about you? How did you feel?Gavaskar The first time my name appeared in print as G. Sunil: 30 not out, for St. Xavier’s High School. I was a bit disappointed since there were plenty of Sunils and I wanted my surname to appear too. I guess it was a forerunner of things to come since even now, after so many years in the game, people still mispronounce my name.Ganguly I got a hundred against Orissa because of which my name appeared in a newspaper for the first time. I really felt on top of the world that day.Q. Was it easy for cricketers to get jobs during the time you were playing?Gavaskar If you were a good enough cricketer then you were likely to be picked by a corporate or a public enterprise like airlines, banks or the railways since there were plenty of inter-company tournaments. I struggled to get a job till I played for India and then Associated Cement offered me one.advertisementGanguly For both the questions my answer is yes. I was recruited by Tata Steel and the company offered me a top managerial position.Q. Did cricket help you in exploring other sources of income? If yes, how?Gavaskar Using players to promote a brand was a very new concept when I played for India but yes that came as extra income. Later, other opportunities like writing columns for newspapers and magazines and live commentary on television came along.Ganguly It surely helped in getting me endorsement deals for various products.Q. Do you think the media has played a big role in making the game of cricket a very lucrative profession?Gavaskar Yes, both print and electronic media have played a huge role in making cricket popular. The Hindi and local language commentary spread the game to the interiors of the country and we are reaping the rewards of that with so many players from non-metros playing successfully for India now.Ganguly I would say it has helped only partly. Another important factor is the performance of the national team as cricket is widely followed in India.Q. You were one of the earliest Indian cricketers to be featured in a commercial. Why do you think you were chosen to endorse the brand?Gavaskar The popular perception is that I was the first cricketer to be used in a commercial. Actually, Colonel C.K. Nayudu promoted Indian tea and Farokh Engineer did a Brylcreem advertisement much before I did my first commercial. I don’t know why they chose me.Q. How much did you earn from your first endorsement? And from your last endorsement during your playing career?Gavaskar It’s hard to remember but I think I received Rs 2,000 for my first commercial. The last commercial I did when I was playing got me less than Rs 10 lakh.Q. How many endorsement deals did you get during your playing career?Gavaskar Maybe less than a dozen and they were not in the same year.Ganguly I have endorsed about 30 brands during my playing career.Q. In 1985, you created PMG, India’s first sports marketing company. Why? How has it changed Indian sports?Gavaskar PMG came into being when my then partner Sumedh Shah, who was a director in an advertising company, approached me to do a commercial. I was too shy to tell him how much money I wanted. Shah said to me, “If you, even after being the Indian captain, are so shy, how will the other players behave?” He then asked me if I had heard of IMG, the managers/agents for players like Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer, and who negotiated on behalf of these players. He thought that there was scope for something similar in India and that’s how PMG came into being. There are many more organisations like PMG now and they have helped the players to concentrate on their game while leaving commercial matters in their agents’ hands. Apart from PMG, my organisation Champs Foundation has been giving monthly cheques since 1999 to more than half a dozen sportspersons who have hit hard times.advertisementQ. Do you think easy money has spoilt new generation cricketers?Gavaskar I don’t think so. Maybe those who know their limitations as players may not work as hard as those who have ambitions to be recognised as top cricketers.Ganguly No, not at all. Otherwise, how is India doing so well in recent times?Q. Indian cricketers were not paid enough during your time. But do you think even the current players are paid enough, considering the amount of money the Indian cricket board makes annually?Gavaskar The players today get a 26 per cent share of the revenue from the bcci and that is a handy sum as can be seen by the latest gradation contracts and match fees announced by the BCCI recently.Ganguly I think the term enough is always debatable.Q. If advertisements and corporate involvements are banned, do you think cricket will still remain the craze as it is today in this country?Gavaskar Yes it will for even in the days when there were no advertisements and corporate involvement, the game was still very popular across the country.Ganguly Why should it be banned in first place? I believe cricket would have been as popular as it is now even if there was no corporate involvement and product endorsements by cricketers.Q. Sunny, you acted in a couple of films. What prompted you to flirt with the glamour world? The acting bug or the potential money?Gavaskar I grew up in a locality where we used to stage plays during festivals. The guys from the locality along with the elders would actually construct the temporary stage with props and sound design and also act in them. So when there was a long break between internationals and the film offers came along, I took them as they did not clash with any match or training session. They were guest roles in the films so the money was either nothing or peanuts.Q. Sourav, you judged a dance reality show and are currently hosting a quiz show. What attracts you to tv? Ganguly The quiz show is very exciting but the dance reality show wasn’t at all, as I have no idea about dance. There are certain quality programmes going on in television, that’s the reason I was drawn to the medium.last_img read more

10 months agoLiverpool striker Firmino: I play at Christmas for the fans

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool striker Firmino: I play at Christmas for the fansby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool striker Roberto Firmino is happy playing through the Christmas period.Firmino admits he wants to do it for the fans.He told the Mirror: “For me, Christmas in England is very different from the one I lived in Brazil, for lots of reasons – on the pitch and off it.“But I’ve been here since 2015 and I’ve already got used to playing on these dates.“When I played in Germany the league stopped, but here it is played so the fans can enjoy Christmas better.“I don’t mind that at all it because we play for them.” last_img

9 months ago​Liverpool defender Lovren receives one-match Croatia ban

first_img​Liverpool defender Lovren receives one-match Croatia banby Ansser Sadiq9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool defender Dejan Lovren has received a one game international ban.The player is under fire because of comments that he made on social media.He posted a video on Instagram after a game against Spain in November, where he insulted the team and Sergio Ramos.According to UEFA, Lovren acted in a way that was not compliant with the body’s disciplinary rules.UEFA can punish anyone “whose conduct is insulting or otherwise violates the basic rules of decent conduct”.Lovren will miss his nation’s Euro 2020 qualifier against Azerbaijan. About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your saylast_img

Report: 4-Star PF Noah Dickerson Has Asked Florida For A Release From His Letter Of Intent

first_imgNew Florida basketball coach Mike White inherits a Florida program that has been very strong over the last few decades, but he has some work to do to lock down the 2015 recruiting class built by Billy Donovan. Four star Noah Dickerson of Monteverde Academy had been one of the cornerstones of the Gators’ class, but according to ESPN’s Jeff Goodman, he is looking to reevaluate his college options with Donovan out of the picture.Florida signee Noah Dickerson told ESPN he has asked for his release.— Jeff Goodman (@GoodmanESPN) May 13, 2015Dickerson committed to Florida back in August, and has offers from Connecticut, Georgetown, LSU, N.C. State, Ohio State, Virginia, and numerous other programs, including much of the SEC. It should be noted that last night, he retweeted a message in support of White getting verified on Twitter.dickersonwhiteRTMaybe Florida still has a chance to finish with Dickerson’s commitment. Either way, he is well within his right to want to reevaluate things after the departure of the coach that he had committed to. We should find out where he will end up fairly soon.last_img read more

Messi Gives Signed Soccer Jerseys And Ball To Boy In Afghanistan

first_imgFive year old Murtaza Ahmadi, an Afghan boy whose photo went viral after he was pictured wearing an Argentine National Team soccer jersey made from a plastic bag with ‘Messi’ and the number ‘10’ penned on the back, has received a special package sent by UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Lionel Messi.Murtaza proudly shows off his new signed jerseys and a football he received from UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Leo MessiCredit/Copyright: UNICEF Afghanistan/2016/Mahdy MehraeenThe package, given to Murtaza at the UNICEF Afghanistan Office in Kabul, contained two of Messi’s teams’ soccer jerseys – the Argentine National Team and FC Barcelona – and a ball, to symbolise a child’s right to play. The items were signed by Messi himself.last_img

New study adds evidence to efficacy and safety of lowdose vaginal estrogen

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 19 2018Despite its proven effectiveness in treating the genital symptoms of menopause, low-dose vaginal estrogen therapy remains underused largely because of misperceptions regarding its safety. However, a new study that followed women from the Nurses’ Health Study demonstrates that its use is not associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease or cancer. Results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).Between 25% and 70% of postmenopausal women are affected by an array of genital and urinary issues collectively known as the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Common symptoms include vaginal burning and irritation, a lack of lubrication, pain during intercourse, and urinary tract infections. Unlike hot flashes, which often accompany menopause, GSM symptoms do not resolve over time, are chronic, and can become progressively worse without treatment.Related StoriesGenetic contribution to distractibility helps explain procrastinationLiving with advanced breast cancerAntibiotic combination effective against drug-resistant PseudomonasLow-dose vaginal estrogen therapy is the preferred and most effective treatment for GSM and is recommended by multiple professional societies, including NAMS, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Endocrine Society. Multiple studies document the superior effectiveness of vaginal estrogen over nonhormone therapies and demonstrate that it provides better symptom relief than oral estrogen therapy.As a result of misperceptions regarding its safety (which partially stem from the FDA-issued black-box warning that relates to systemic hormone therapy), vaginal estrogen therapy is not prescribed as often as it could be, leaving many postmenopausal women to experience a lower quality of life. A new study that followed women from the Nurses’ Health Study for more than 18 years, however, concluded that vaginal estrogen was not associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or hip fractures. This included risks for myocardial infarction, stroke, and pulmonary embolism, as well as breast, endometrial, ovarian, and colorectal cancers.Study results appear in the article “Vaginal estrogen use and chronic disease risk in the Nurses’ Health Study.””Over-the-counter vaginal lubricants and moisturizers are often used as first-line treatments for women with symptoms of GSM,” says Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, NAMS executive director. “Persistent symptoms often need therapies such as local vaginal estrogen, intravaginal dehydroepiandrosterone, or oral ospemifene. This study adds to a growing body of data showing the long-term efficacy and safety of low-dose vaginal estrogen, which works primarily locally with minimal systemic absorption.” Source:https://www.menopause.org/docs/default-source/press-release/vaginal-estrogen-and-chronic-disease-risk-12-19-18.pdflast_img read more

Study Less than 50 of US adults exposed to courtordered antismoking advertisements

first_imgHistorically, certain ethnic groups and those of lower socioeconomic status have been targets of tobacco industry marketing, which has led to high rates of tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases in these populations. These at-risk groups should, ideally, have had the most exposure to these advertisements, but on the contrary, they have had the least.”First author Onyema Greg Chido-Amajuoyi, M.B.B.S., a postdoctoral fellow in Epidemiology According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., claiming an estimated 480,000 lives each year. Tobacco use also is the leading preventable cause of cancer, responsible for roughly 30% of all cancers and 90% of all lung cancers.The ‘corrective statements’ were mandated in a 2006 judgment by U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler, and began to run on prime-time television and in 50 key U.S. newspapers in November 2017. MD Anderson applauded these advertisements as an important step to inform Americans about the harms of tobacco use.The current study assessed data from 2018 Health Information National Trends Survey, a nationally representative, population-based cross-section survey of U.S. adults sponsored by the National Cancer Institute. The study analyzed responses from 3,484 adults, including 450 current smokers, collected between January and May 2018 on self-reported exposure to the anti-smoking advertisements.Exposure was lowest among adults 18-34 (37.4%), those with a high-school or lower education (34.5%) and those with a household income less than $35,000 (37.5%). Among current smokers, exposure was lowest in the Hispanic population, at just 42.2%. When compared to other nationally funded anti-smoking campaigns, the reach and penetration of these industry-sponsored ads were suboptimal. Our hope, as cancer prevention researchers, is for more people to see these ads and to avoid tobacco or consider quitting. Based on our findings, future efforts in this space need to be more targeted to reach key populations.”Senior author Sanjay Shete, Ph.D. The researchers did find that exposure rates increased as the campaign’s duration increased, with 41.3% exposure reported in February 2018 and 46.8% exposure reported in May 2018. This underscores the need for sustained advertising to see long-term public-health impact, explained Shete.The authors recognize certain limitations in the study inherent to using a survey of this type. Responses were self-reported and therefore prone to recall and certain biases. Also, the survey is cross-sectional, so a causal link between exposure and cessation attempts cannot be made. Finally, there was no distinction between exposure to television or to print advertisements, which may have enabled further insight. Source:University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 15 2019The tobacco industry’s court-ordered anti-smoking advertisements reached just 40.6% of U.S. adults and 50.5% of current smokers in 2018, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Exposure to the advertisements was even lower among certain ethnic and socioeconomic subgroups historically targeted by tobacco industry marketing.The findings, published today in JAMA Network Open, should be considered when planning future anti-smoking ads to reach youth and at-risk populations, explained senior author Sanjay Shete, Ph.D., professor of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and deputy division head of Cancer Prevention & Population Sciences.last_img read more

Regulating Facebook could hinder small businesses with overseas customers

first_img Explore further This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. Provided by The Conversation But policies that affect online platforms also affect international trade. Many Australian small businesses rely on digital platforms to stay on par with their international competitors.As Australia starts tackling the challenges wrought by digital platforms, policymakers should be careful not to undo the good things that stem from an evermore connected world. That includes the critical role of these platforms in helping retailers sell their products to overseas customers.Platforms facilitate exportsAs my new research with colleague Danielle Parks shows, digital platforms appear to significantly reduce the economic distance and trade costs between buyers and sellers.Take Facebook, for example. Facebook is both a social networking platform and digital market platform, where Facebook’s Marketplace helps business owners connect with potential customers. The social networking interface allows buyers and sellers to message each other and exchange information about what the seller has, and what the buyer wants. Meanwhile, Marketplace features like identity verification and buyer ratings help to facilitate connections more quickly, and with more trust, than might otherwise be possible. There isn’t a lot of large-scale data on cross-border e-commerce, so researchers must get creative to study digital platforms and trade. The findings are extraordinary.One study found that 97% of US-based eBay sellers export product to overseas buyers. Another found the “economic effect of distance” to be 65% smaller on eBay. In other words, the digital platform reduces the challenges of selling to people in other countries. Digital platforms provide a host of challenges for governments. Questions about how to best protect privacy, democracy, and speech online become more pressing every year. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission is currently conducting an inquiry into digital platforms. Credit: Shutterstockcenter_img Australia watchdog tips tough rules to curb power of Google, Facebook Research conducted by PayPal showed that 79% of US small businesses on its platform sell to foreign markets. And PayPal merchants that exported, outperformed businesses in general. Interestingly, that finding held for coastal and non-coastal businesses, and for rural and urban businesses alike.In our new study, we surveyed Australian businesses on Facebook. We found that those with a Facebook presence were 63% more likely to export their products internationally than other businesses. The propensity to export was higher across all business sectors and nearly all company sizes.This emerging pattern shows how world markets are opening up to smaller businesses that might not otherwise be able to compete with their larger, multinational rivals. These findings can partly be attributed to export-prone firms being more likely than others to use digital platforms. But there is no question that the platforms can also enable trade. Most governments recognise the need to dismantle barriers to foreign market access, and any new policies regarding digital platforms should not make it harder for small and medium sized businesses to engage in trade.How regulation could hurt small businessesThe Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) is currently conducting an inquiry into digital platforms at the request of the treasurer. The ACCC’s preliminary report recognises how digital platforms have revolutionised the ways consumers and businesses communicate with one another. The report also highlights concerns over data privacy and the influence of bad actors producing and spreading misinformation.The final report, expected in June, will make policy recommendations that aim to address these concerns. But these policies could also inadvertently threaten the revenue streams of businesses that advertise on these platforms or that use them to facilitate online sales.Restrictions on the cross border flow of consumer information could interfere with everyday business practices. For example, a key advantage of e-commerce, especially for small businesses, is using search engine techniques to reach larger audiences, and target potential customers. So, search engine restrictions could limit the way businesses target customers with advertising, therefore limiting a business owner’s ability to reach customers abroad. Other regulations could restrict business owners from storing the personal information of customers – such as credit card information, consumer preferences and purchase history. That would then limit businesses in how they interact with customers at home and abroad. What’s happening at the momentAustralia is not alone in considering these tough issues. The landscape of digital data flows, data privacy, and e-commerce is a work in progress for governments across the globe. The EU recently enacted data privacy regulation called the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which is designed to: “[…] fundamentally reshape the way in which data is handled across every sector, from health care to banking and beyond.”Meanwhile, the United States Congress will likely consider new internet privacy legislation this year.Provisions on digital data flows have been included in major recent international trade agreements. Both the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) bar data localisation requirements. That means foreign companies would only be allowed to work in a country if they built out or leased separate data infrastructures in that country – a costly endeavour, especially for smaller businesses. On the other hand, USMCA and TPP do not allow participating countries to require that platforms disclose their source code or algorithms. These provisions do not necessarily preclude countries from adopting privacy protections, but they do make it easier for platforms like Facebook to operate without fear that they will be asked to handover important intellectual property.As the government considers the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission report, one thing should be clear: any policy changes should not overlook the role of these platforms in helping Australian small businesses sell goods to customers in the global marketplace. Citation: Regulating Facebook could hinder small businesses with overseas customers (2019, February 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-facebook-hinder-small-businesses-overseas.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more