Produce and Pathogens

first_imgMike Doyle doesn’t eat raw bean sprouts, medium-rare hamburgers or bagged salads. He isn’t on a special diet, but as director of the University of Georgia Center for Food Safety in Griffin, Georgia, he studies the food pathogens that sicken thousands of Americans each year.Doyle works closely with the food industry, consumer groups and government agencies, like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, on issues related to the microbiological safety of food. He also serves as a scientific adviser to groups like the World Health Organization, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Academy of Sciences.For a time, foodborne illness was most often connected with undercooked meats, and most product recalls and outbreaks were connected to meat products. Today, 33 percent of cases are tracked back to raw produce, Doyle said. In an odd Catch-22, he says America’s efforts to become healthier, including eating more produce, and efforts by the CDC and local health departments to do “a better job tracking sources” have led to the increase of reported foodborne illness cases linked to produce.“Produce has risen to the top of the list when it comes to foodborne outbreaks in the U.S.,” said Doyle, a Regents’ Professor with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “More people are eating produce, and there’s a bit of concern over the safety of produce in America. When you include nuts, fruits and vegetables in the produce category, it’s the leading vehicle (for foodborne illness) over the past four or five years.”Over the past 10 years, foodborne illness cases have been linked to cantaloupe, raw spinach, carrot juice, a variety of nuts, caramel apples, jalapeno peppers and, most recently, to prepackaged bagged salads sold in grocery stores and tomatoes served at a handful of Chipotle restaurants.When produce like lettuce is cut, bacteria can travel inside the plant tissue, where it can’t be washed away, he said. “You can’t get rid of (it). The industry sells billions of bags (of prepackaged salads) per year, and we don’t hear about a lot of outbreaks. The bad news is when it does happen, those infected can become seriously ill,” he said.A quarter of the produce-related outbreaks are connected to leafy green vegetables that can become contaminated in many ways, Doyle said.“Animals can carry the harmful bacteria in their intestinal tracks and can share it if animal manure gets into the crops through contaminated irrigation or when manure is used as a soil amendment,” he said. “And infected people can also carry these bacteria. Then, when they don’t wash their hands and cut vegetables, like lettuce, it can get into the produce.”Led by Doyle, food scientists from UGA, Clemson University, the Illinois Institute of Technology, Michigan State University, the University of Maryland and the University of Cordoba, in Spain, began a research project in 2007 that focused on leafy greens from the farm to the fork. The researchers, along with their counterparts from the FDA and U.S. Department of Agriculture, studied each step of leafy green production, from the field to the processing plant, in an effort to ensure leafy greens are as safe as possible, Doyle said. (Their findings can be seen at cooking foods, like meat, kills harmful bacteria, but many fruits and vegetables are prepared and served raw. “If you can cook produce, you are OK,” Doyle said. “At my house, we buy iceberg lettuce, we remove the outer layers, wash our hands and then cut the lettuce. Lettuce that you cut yourself can be much safer.”Doyle and many of his food safety scientist colleagues consider raw sprouts among the most hazardous of foods. “There was a major outbreak linked to sprouts eaten in Germany and France that put almost 1,000 people in the hospital for kidney failure and more than 50 people died. The problem is contaminated seeds that are placed in warm water where the sprouts grow. But the conditions are ideal for the bacteria to grow, too,” Doyle said. “Often, only a few seeds are contaminated, so you can’t simply test a few to see if there is a contamination.”Personally, Doyle avoids raw spinach, too. Growing up in Wisconsin, he watched his grandmother cook and serve spinach, but his family never ate raw spinach. “We thought raw spinach was for rabbits,” he said. “I’m surprised when I see people eat raw spinach. I do not eat raw spinach knowingly.”Thoroughly washing and peeling vegetables like carrots will “likely” remove harmful bacteria, he said. “Peel your produce if you can, and if you can cook it, that’s even better,” Doyle said.Pathogens that cause foodborne illness of major concern are E. coli, salmonella and listeria. Of those, listeria causes about 1,200 cases in the U.S. each year and many deaths.“With listeriosis, the mortality rate is in the neighborhood of 25 percent. It’s largely those who are immune-compromised, like the elderly and the very young,” he said. “E. coli can be very severe and cause kidney failure in children, and the infectious dose can be very low.”The new FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in 2010, will bring stricter rules like safety tests for irrigation water and rules for when farmers can and cannot use animal manure on crops, Doyle said.For more on research at the UGA Center for Food Safety, go to read more

Clips of the Week: Surfing OBX, Casting 4 a Cure, Crashing Downhill

first_imgOur favorite outdoor web videos from the week that was:Fall Surfing in OBXSurfer Brett Barley getting after it in the Outer Banks, North Carolina with footage shot entirely with Soloshot. This guy makes surfing OBX look amazing, especially with all those styly airs. Who knew you could get barreled so hard in N.C.?Finally Fall – Brett Barley from SURFING Magazine on Vimeo.Good Thing He Had the Full Face HelmetTen seconds of glorious ass over teakettle action. Short, sweet, and to the point…of a rock.Casting 4 a Cure on the South ForkThis one is out of region, but Casting 4 a Cure does great work. This is one of my all time favorite places to fish, and you can see why.Casting 4 A Cure from Trout TV on Vimeo.Burton, BackcountryHere is Part 1 of 4 of Burton’s snowboarding project thingamajiggy. This is a tad long, but features two of my all-time favorite riders: Nico Muller and Terje Haakonsen.last_img read more

Alexandra gears for Football for Hope

first_img26 March 2010During the final week of the 2010 Fifa World Cup™, 32 teams from across the globe will converge on Alexandra township in Johannesburg for a very different festival of football. On Thursday, the 2010 Football for Hope Festival site was officially inaugurated.From 4 to 10 July, in a specially built stadium in the heart of Alexandra, mixed teams of boys and girls aged 15 to 18 will compete in a fast-paced tournament – part of a broader festival of education, culture and football – to be crowned 2010 Football for Hope world champions.“For the first time, the social dimension of the game will be celebrated as an official element of the Fifa World Cup,” Fifa president Sepp Blatter said in a message read out at Thursday’s ceremony. “We hope that the eyes of the world will be on Alexandra and we will create new heroes for this community.”The young people who take part in the festival will be drawn from disadvantaged communities worldwide, and selected for their contribution to building a better future in their communities.The names of the boys and girls who will be representing Alexandra were announced at Thursday’s inauguration. Among them is 15-year-old Thumeka Mabayi, who is relishing the chance to meet other young people from different countries during the festival.Despite her disadvantaged background, Mabayi aspires to play a vital role in changing her community. “I’m extremely excited to be part of this,” she said. “For me, it is an opportunity to empower myself and learn more about other cultures.”Among the guests attending Thursday’s site inauguration were 2010 Fifa World Cup Organising Committee South Africa CEO Danny Jordaan, streetfootballworld managing director Jurgen Griesbeck, and Johannesburg’s mayoral committee member for community development, Bafana Sithole.Jordaan said that South Africans, more than most people, “understand the importance of social development and the power of sport to influence positive social change, so the Football for Hope Festival is a key initiative for us.“The world’s best footballers will be in South Africa for the Fifa World Cup, but we believe the equally deserving footballers and incredible stories from around the world also warrant global recognition, and we encourage people to come and attend the festival in Alexandra.”Griesbeck said the festival would be “a celebration of the people who dedicate their lives to helping others in their community, using the game we all love.”Alexandra is one of the oldest townships in South Africa, and was one of the key areas where apartheid was fought and defeated.While it does not enjoy the same international prestige as its Soweto, it is home to some of the country’s top leaders, and has produced some celebrated footballers, including Maimane Alfred Phiri, who played for South Africa in their first ever World Cup appearance in France in 1998.Phiri was on hand on Thursday, along with other football celebrities such as former Bafana Bafana goalkeeper Brian Baloyi, to take part in an “All Stars” football match, with 2010 World Cup mascot Zakumi a keen spectator.An official World Cup event, the 2010 Football for Hope Festival is being organised by Fifa, streetfootballworld, the 2010 FIFA World Cup Organising Committee South Africa, and the City of Johannesburg.Source: 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Organising Committeelast_img read more

South Africa improves performance in annual Nation Brand Index

first_imgJohannesburg, Thursday 8 December 2016 – Brand South Africa today welcomed South Africa’s improved performance in the annual Nation Brand Index.  South Africa now stands at 35 of the 50 nations assessed.  This is an improvement of three places from the 2015 Nation Brand Index.Speaking about the results, Brand South Africa’s CEO Dr Kingsley Makhubela said, “South Africa’s improved performance can be attributed to improved perceptions of our governance, immigration and investment, and people.  This speaks directly to the work we are doing as a country in implementing the National Development Plan and programmes like Invest South Africa.”“In addition, our Nation Brand continues to be admired for our unspoiled natural beauty, with 13 nations ranking South Africa in the top 25 countries being assessed.  Moreover, we are recognised internationally for our efforts to preserve the environment.  In this regard, South Africa moved up 6 places to stand at 29th of 50 nations.  This resonates with the brand of the country as a good international citizen.“Our sporting prowess continues to impact positively on perceptions about the country.”“Furthermore, an increased desire of global citizens to live and work in South Africa, concern for equality in society, and academic reputation help drive the larger than average gains for South Africa’s Immigration and Investment reputation this year.”“As we conclude 2016, we can take pride in the strides our Nation Brand has made in its performance in this and the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index.  In both indices, we have seen South Africa build on improvements from previous years.  We can say with confidence that our country is going in the right direction as a globally competitive Nation Brand,” concluded Dr Makhubela.South Africa’s performance on the pillars of exports, culture, and tourism remains remains unchanged from 2015.Notes to the EditorThe NBISM measures the images of 50 nations with a randomised sample of 20,445 respondents. Respondents are asked to rank a countries image, power and appeal of a nation across various dimensions.The NBISM consists of six dimensions: Exports, Governance, Culture, People, Tourism, and Immigration/ Investment. Of these dimensions, Exports, Governance, Immigration/Investment are considered a country’s hard performance measures; whereas Culture, People and Tourism are considered a country’s soft powers.About Brand South AfricaBrand South Africa is the official marketing agency of South Africa, with a mandate to build the country’s brand reputation, in order to improve its global competitiveness. Its aim is also to build pride and patriotism among South Africans, in order to contribute to social cohesion and nation brand ambassadorship.last_img read more

Jevon Rockwell, July 25

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The rains have been splitting. They go out over the lake or they head down to Columbus. We finally got some rain yesterday. We had four tenths and we are still dry. It made a little difference but it didn’t go down very far. Our corn is definitely starting to show the dry conditions. It is hurting yield and I think with the heat we have had it is really hurting pollination. Some of our corn started pollination a week ago.The corn is our biggest concern. We have corn that is four and five feet tall with a tassel. That is not going to produce much and we have a lot of that on our heavier ground. On our sand everything looks great, but on our heavier ground the corn is really uneven. Some of the corn is already firing up from the bottom and taking things much harder than the beans. The beans are starting to struggle but are still doing much better than the corn.As far as insects, the worst I have found are the Japanese beetles. They are thick this year. They are eating silks on the corn and they are eating the beans. There are a lot of Japanese beetles. They are worse on the outsides of the fields. When you get into the fields they are not as thick, but they are definitely thicker than they usually are.Our soybeans have held in there pretty well, the double-crops, not so much. They have really stalled out. We cut our wheat high and they haven’t even outgrown the stubble yet. A lot of them are six inches tall and they are waiting on some rain. The rains we have been getting are just enough for them to hold on.last_img read more

Bloomberg project to help ten cities gear up for self-driving cars

first_imgFormer New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg launched a project to help 10 cities around the globe get ready for autonomous vehicles.An article by State Scoop reports that the billionaire announced the launch of the “Bloomberg Aspen Initiative on Cities and Autonomous Vehicles.”The new initiative will partner Bloomberg’s philanthropy organization with the Aspen Institute, and include 10 mayors from around the world plus industry experts. The combined brain trust will collaborate on ways to prepare cities for the advent of self-driving cars.“No tech has shaped cities more than cars in the last 100 years. It’s time for cities to turn the focus to self-driving vehicles,” said Bloomberg on his Twitter feed. “Autonomous vehicles have the potential to complement the work cities are doing – so long as people, not cars, drive the agenda.”The first five cities are Los Angeles, Austin and Nashville in the U.S., plus Buenos Aires and Paris abroad. The other five cities will be announced before the year’s end.The initiative will focus on creating guiding principles and best practices that can help cities when developing transportation policies for autonomous vehicles.Austin sees Bloomberg upsideThe city of Austin sees its involvement in the project as advantageous because it ensures having a seat at the table when important municipal policy ideas are being hatched.“We find that a lot of the public policy innovation in the tech sphere happens when mayors talk to each other,” said Jason Stanford from the Austin Mayor’s office. “I know that sounds lo-tech, but that’s really how it occurs.”“One thing we hope is that we figure out what we don’t know,” he adds. “Working with other cities and having these conversations might illuminate new possibilities we hadn’t considered yet.”The Bloomberg-led initiative comes at a time when the majority of Americans are open to sharing their future with robotic vehicles. In a recent survey conducted by the Consumer Technology Association 70% said they are ready for a future that includes autonomous cars.However, local and national governments around the globe are struggling to develop regulations that accommodate both citizen safety and the new car technology that is evolving at breakneck speed. Break the Mold with Real-World Logistics AI and… Tags:#Aspen Institute#Bloomberg#IoT#self-driving cars For Self-Driving Systems, Infrastructure and In… Related Posts center_img 5 Ways IoT can Help to Reduce Automatic Vehicle… IT Trends of the Future That Are Worth Paying A… Donal Powerlast_img read more

Girl 3 required 48 stitches after being bitten on face by dog

first_imgSTIRLING, Ont. – Ontario Provincial Police say they are investigating an incident in which a child required 48 stitches to her face after being bitten by a dog.OPP say the incident occurred on April 1 in Stirling — a village northwest of Belleville, Ont.They say the three-year-old girl was with her mother in a common area of an apartment building when a dog came by and bit the child on the face.Investigators say the dog belonged to a person visiting the building.OPP say the incident is being investigated under the Dog Owner’s Liability Act.last_img

NBA Power Ratings And Playoff Odds What The Trade Deadline Hath Wrought

MILPHO+0.0 NOPMIA, OKC, PHO-0.1 DETBOS, OKC+1.4 BOSDET+2.1 SACWAS+1.8 OKCNOP, UTA-0.7 TEAMTRADED WITHNET WAR MINBRK-0.2 PHIDEN, HOU, MIL-0.1 DENPHI, POR+0.7 UTAOKC+0.2 WASSAC-0.9 NYKHOU-0.5 After a week’s hiatus because of the All-Star break, we’re back with FiveThirtyEight’s NBA Power Ratings.There are more than a few trade deadline-related changes to the rankings this week, but before I get to those, a quick explanation of how these numbers work: Teams are ranked according to a projection of their strength over the upcoming week using Real Plus-Minus (RPM) player ratings provided by Jeremias Engelmann and Steve Ilardi. For more details on these numbers, see our introductory rankings post.In many ways, ranking the league after a reshuffling of players — like Thursday’s trade deadline — is precisely what power ratings such as these are intended to do. Because they’re based on the underlying talent of the players on each team’s roster, they ought to be able to account for player movement more quickly than ratings that require the new-look teams to play together a bunch of times.So, how much did the deadline really shake up the league? Here’s a look at the statistical effect of deadline trades on each team, in terms of the RPM wins above replacement (WAR) they are projected to gain or lose over the remainder of the 2014-15 schedule: HOUNYK, PHI+0.3 (Note that all of these gains and losses are for 2014-15 only — they don’t take into account draft picks exchanged or even the future implications of picking up a player and his contract.)As SB Nation’s Paul Flannery noted, this trade deadline didn’t really make much difference despite all the chaos in the final hectic minutes.Sure, the top team, Miami, added about 2.4 wins over the rest of the season, and Phoenix brought up the rear with a loss of more than 3 WAR when the dust settled. The moves may have kept the Heat afloat for the playoffs (especially in light of the subsequent news that Chris Bosh would be lost for the season with blood clots) and signaled the death knell for the Suns’ postseason chances.But the rest of the biggest movers and shakers on deadline day either had already locked up a playoff slot (Washington and Oklahoma City took steps back but are near 100 percent playoff probability by our projections anyway) or didn’t have a prayer no matter what they did (the Celtics, for all their improvements on deadline day, are still staring at a mere 12.1 percent chance of making the playoffs).The exception to this might be the Detroit Pistons. Two weeks ago, the Pistons clung to a meager 9.9 percent probability of making the playoffs, according to our model. Now they have a 47.8 percent chance of making the postseason and have jumped from 21st to 16th in the power rankings — some of that thanks to the 1.4-WAR boost they picked up at the trade deadline with Reggie Jackson (an upgrade made doubly positive by the discarding of sub-replacement level guard D.J. Augustin).Aside from the Pistons, however, it seems as though few of Thursday’s moves will upend the playoff picture in either conference.At any rate, many of the trades yielded positive WAR simply by jettisoning a poor player from the roster. Take, for instance, Sacramento’s trade of Ramon Sessions to Washington. It netted a solid player in return — Andre Miller is expected to generate 0.8 WAR for the Kings over the rest of the season — but removing Sessions was the bigger windfall in terms of 2014-15 WAR. Sessions’ -5.1 predictive RPM combined with an expectation of 17 minutes per game to potentially deliver -1.0 WAR to Sacramento before it traded him away.As for the rankings themselves, the New Orleans Pelicans were the biggest movers since two Mondays ago — and in a very bad way. They lost all-everything forward Anthony Davis to a shoulder sprain that will cost him several weeks of action, which coupled with an ongoing injury to Jrue Holiday — and the addition of RPM disaster Norris Cole — to drop the Pelicans 11 ranking slots. RPM says their depleted roster projects to be the fourth-worst in basketball over the next week.The Dallas Mavericks dropped eight slots in this edition of the rankings. Adding Amar’e Stoudemire didn’t help, but the biggest changes were an injury to Chandler Parsons and the return of statistical enigma Rajon Rondo to their lineup. Rondo’s having a subpar season by the numbers, and short-term RPM gives him a rating near the replacement level. But at least Dallas is still 99.5 percent likely to make the playoffs, according to our simulations.Looking for good news? The Los Angeles Clippers rose six spots in the rankings from two weeks ago. Usually changes to the power ratings are due to player movement, injuries or other reallocations of minutes, but in the case of the Clippers, the improved play of Jamal Crawford has also played a role. Crawford still carries a negative RPM rating, but he’s averaging 22.8 points per game over his last four outings and has been present for some of the Clippers’ best basketball — they’ve averaged a +17.5 scoring margin per game with him on the floor over the past two weeks.Finally, let’s give a hand to the New York Knicks. While they’ve been a fun punchline all season, they’ve been in a dogfight with the Philadelphia 76ers for last place in our rankings all season. But after a season-ending injury to Carmelo Anthony, the Knicks have separated themselves from the pack, easily ranking as the least-talented team in the NBA this week. With the likes of RPM ne’er-do-wells Jose Calderon, Jason Smith and Tim Hardaway Jr. projected to soak up huge minutes for the rest of the season, Jim Dolan’s team is truly a fitting “Hope Diamond in his loser’s tiara.” PORDEN+0.4 MIANOP, PHO+2.4 PHODET, MIA, MIL-3.2 BRKMIN+0.4 read more

How Georgia Can Beat Alabama

2016681.91 201730–6–1.70 SeasonNat’l RankRush EPA/Game 201633–6–1.36 201528–5–1.39 Before Alabama’s Tua Tagovailoa became a household name in last season’s national title game, the Georgia Bulldogs had a 13-0 lead and were 30 minutes away from the program’s first championship in nearly 40 years. To start the second half, Nick Saban plugged in the freshman quarterback from Hawaii, and Tagovailoa rallied the Crimson Tide to an overtime victory, adding to the team’s already overflowing trophy case.Kirby Smart and the Bulldogs retreated with their tails tucked between their legs.This weekend’s SEC title game, then, represents the rematch. And once again, Tagovailoa and the Crimson Tide stand in Georgia’s way.It’s ridiculous to think there’s a blueprint for beating Alabama when they’ve looked so dominant, outscoring opponents 588 to 165 this season. But there are a few areas where Georgia may have an advantage.Of course, Georgia doesn’t want to get baited into a shootout with arguably the nation’s best offense. Of course, limiting possessions and muddying up the game are a more optimal approach. Of course, Tagovailoa should be kept off the field as much as possible.All of this starts with running the ball. Georgia’s expected points added per game on running plays during seasons under Kirby Smart 201121–5–1.39 Alabama is vulnerable on the groundBig runs given up by the Crimson Tide defense and yards given up after first contact on a running plays each year (through 12 games) since 2011 Opponents are running through Alabama tacklers like never before, too. This season, the Tide has allowed 2.46 yards after contact per carry, which is the worst performance for Alabama through the first 12 games of a season since 2011, the earliest year for which data is available. Of note: Only Memphis has gained more yards after first contact this year than Georgia.Of course, Tagovailoa is the closest thing to a cheat code in college football this season and could render these potential advantages for Georgia moot. The sophomore has racked up more passing touchdowns in the first half of games (27) than all but 21 schools1Excluding Alabama. have scored over the entire season. But this is an elite Georgia defense that could be Tagovailoa’s biggest test this season.The ultimate irony would be if a quarterback change by Smart decided the outcome of Saturday’s game. Jake Fromm has capably commanded the Georgia offense this season and has been sensational since his tepid showing during the team’s lone loss, which came against LSU. But Justin Fields, one of the most sought-after recruits from the 2018 class, has an uncanny athleticism that adds another potential threat to an already devastating offense. At receiver — again, the irony — Riley Ridley (brother of former Alabama star Calvin Ridley, who scored a touchdown in last season’s title game) has elevated his game this season. Fromm and Fields will look to Ridley, the team leader in receiving touchdowns, to take the top off the Alabama defense.If the game comes down to the wire, Georgia should be the more confident team. Long the Achilles’ heel of Saban-led teams, special teams could be what holds Alabama back. Kicker Joseph Bulovas has missed four of 16 field-goal attempts and has botched five extra points. And while the Crimson Tide ranks in the top two in offensive and defensive efficiency, it ranks a dismal 87th in special teams efficiency. “It’s not really acceptable,” Saban said earlier this month.Conversely, Rodrigo Blankenship, the bespectacled Georgia sensation, has been among college football’s most accurate kickers, nailing 19 of his 22 attempts and all 58 of his extra points. Georgia’s special teams rank far better than Alabama’s, landing at No. 38 in efficiency.It speaks to the sheer dominance of Alabama that Las Vegas sportsbooks installed the Crimson Tide as double-digit favorites against Georgia. But this is a dangerous underdog with all the trappings of a dominant squad. Some metrics consider the Bulldogs among the two best teams nationally. They won’t be short on motivation, if nothing else, as they seek to avenge last season’s loss when the lights were brightest.Check out our latest college football predictions. Season10+ yards gained20+ yards gainedYDS. After 1st Contact/Rush Perhaps the most underappreciated storyline in the SEC can be found in Athens. Running backs Sony Michel and Nick Chubb were selected in the first two rounds of this year’s NFL draft, and Georgia’s run game improved.This season, the two-headed monster of Elijah Holyfield and D’Andre Swift has run buckshot through the SEC. Each will likely eclipse the 1,000-yard mark. Largely behind the two, the Bulldogs have over their last four games rushed for 1,345 yards, more than nine teams have accumulated all season. Georgia has the conference’s top rushing attack, gashing opposing defenses for 259.8 yards per contest on 6.3 yards per attempt, and leads the conference in total rushes of 10-plus yards (102) and 20-plus yards (35).Now, it seems silly to nitpick an Alabama defense that has allowed only six rushing touchdowns all season and ranks in the top 15 in both rushing yards allowed per contest (114.0) and rushing yards allowed per carry (3.3) … but we’re going to do it anyway. If Alabama’s ultra-young defense has had difficulty with anything, it’s mitigating explosive plays. Over 12 games this season, the Crimson Tide has allowed 13 carries of 20-plus yards, tied with five teams for 35th-fewest in the nation. On top of that, the Tide defense has also allowed 38 carries of 10 or more yards. Both numbers are the most Alabama has allowed through 12 games since 2011: 201433–7–2.13 2018107.85 Yards after contact data is unavailable before 2011.Source: Espn Stats & Information Group Source: Espn Stats & Information Group 201223–6–1.47 201330–5–1.64 201838–13–2.46 2017127.22 Number of Opponent Rushing Plays with … read more